2 edition of Occupational exposure to chlorine found in the catalog.
Occupational exposure to chlorine
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Division of Criteria Documentation and Standards Development
by Dept. of Health, Education, and Welfare, Public Health Service, Center for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. in [Cincinnati], Washington
Written in English
|Other titles||Criteria for a recommended standard, occupational exposure to chlorine|
|Series||Criteria for a recommended standard, DHEW publication ; no. (NIOSH) 76-170, DHEW publication -- no. (NIOSH) 76-170|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||vii, 155 p. :|
|Number of Pages||155|
Occupational Exposure to Chlorine is designed to help you meet the training requirements of 29 CFR for employees who work with and around chlorine. You will learn the characteristics and health hazards of chlorine and what personal protective equipment you should wear when working with or . Regarding occupational exposure assessment, the RAR relies on the large number of data available measuring air concentrations of chlorine in occupational settings. Based on these data, representative exposure scenarios can easily be derived. SCHER agrees that dermal exposures under occupational exposure conditions are not relevant and thatFile Size: KB.
If chlorine escapes from its container, a harmful concentration of the gas in the air will quickly result, according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Inhalation of this poisonous gas, as well as all routes of exposure, has harmful effects on health, both short-term and long-term. New or revised workplace exposure limits for 13 substances have been introduced from 17 January This latest version of EH40/ ‘Workplace exposure limits’ has been updated to include the new and revised workplace exposure limits (WELs) as introduced by the Carcinogens and Mutagens Directive (EU) / amending Directive (/37/EC).
Brad , M.D.; and Michael Sherman, M.D., F.C.C.P. While chlorine gas inhalation has previously been reported to cause temporary mucous membrane irritation, acute pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, and transient bronchospasm, there is controversy about the existence of long-term pulmonary sequelae. Exposure to chlorine may also occur through drinking water and swimming pool water, where it is used as a disinfectant. (2) Accidental releases are another potential source of chlorine exposure. (3) Assessing Personal Exposure No data were located regarding detection of personal exposure to chlorine. Health Hazard Information Acute Effects.
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Chlorine (Cl₂) is a greenish-yellow gas with a pungent, irritating odor. Exposure to low levels of chlorine can result in nose, throat, and eye irritation. At higher levels, breathing chlorine gas may result in changes in breathing rate and coughing, and damage to the lungs. Additional symptoms of exposure to chlorine can be severe.
Employers must comply with a number of standards where employees are potentially exposed to chemical hazards. These include OSHA's Permissible Exposure Limits PELs for about substances, which can be found as follows: General Industry: 29 CFRToxic and Hazardous Substances.
Air contaminants and Z1, Z2, Z3 tables. Get this from a library. Occupational exposure to chlorine. [National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Division of Criteria Documentation and Standards Development.]. The recommended NIOSH standards for protecting against injury from chlorine () are presented along with sections containing the criteria upon which the standards are based--biologic effects of exposure and environmental data.
Abstract: Table Z-1; Chlorine; administrative stay; request for comments and information. Pertains to ceiling limit for chlorine. Pertains to ceiling limit for chlorine. Department of Labor logo. Get this from a library.
Occupational exposure to chlorine: criteria for a recommended standard. [National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.]. OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PEL Permissible Exposure Limit -Time-weighted average (TWA) concentrations that must not be exceeded during any 8-hour work shift of a hour workweek, as defined by OSHA.
PPM Parts Per Million STEL Short Term Exposure Level -The employee’s 15 minute time weighted average which should not be. Chlorine is abundant in combined form in the earth's crust (%) and in seawater (3%). It is usually produced by electrolysis of chlorides. Contaminants include hexachloroethane, hexachlorobenzene, and water.
Chlorine was among the first of the war gases used in World War I. It is now used as a bleaching agent, as a germicidal agent for purifying water, and in the manufacture of chlorinated. Household chlorine bleach can release chlorine gas if it is mixed with certain other cleaning agents.
Chlorine was used during World War I as a choking (pulmonary) agent. How people can be exposed to chlorine. People’s risk for exposure depends on how close they are to the place where the chlorine was released. Occupational exposure limits (OELs) are tools to help employers protect the health of those who may be exposed to chemicals in their workplace.
Under the United Kingdom Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations they define adequate control by inhalation. OELs are set by the Health and Safety Commission (HSC) on advice from its Advisory Committee on Toxic Cited by: Chlorine dioxide (ClO 2) is a yellow to reddish-yellow gas at room has an unpleasant odor, similar to the odor of chlorine and reminiscent of nitric acid.
It is a respiratory irritant. Pure chlorine dioxide is stable in the dark and unstable in light. Chlorine species are highly reactive; tissue injury results from exposure to chlorine, hydrochloric acid, hypochlorous acid, or chloramines. Acute, high level exposure to chlorine gas in occupational or environmental settings results in a variety of dose-related lung effects ranging from respiratory mucus membrane irritation to pulmonary by: Chlorine (Cl2) is a greenish-yellow gas, times heavier than air, normally shipped and stored as liquid in cylinders or tank cars.
It may also be formed when some chemicals such as household bleaches are mixed with other chemicals such as ammonia or acids. Recommendation of Occupational Exposure Limits (–) The Japan Society for Occupational Health May, 17, The Japan Society for Occupational Health (JSOH) recommends the Occupational Exposure Limits (OELs) as reference values for preventing adverse health effects on workers caused by occupational exposure to chemical substances File Size: 1MB.
The total number of patients treated for symptoms from the exposure to chlorine gas after this accident was ; 2 hospitalized patients were admitted to the Department of pulmonology and the non-hospitalized patients to the emergency department and the Department of Occupational and Environmental Medicine of the university hospital that is Cited by: "The recommended NIOSH standards for protecting against injury from chlorine () are presented along with sections containing the criteria upon which the standards are based--biologic effects of exposure and environmental data.
As a whole, this book has elaborated on possible chronic injury resulting from chlorine exposure, both from single, acute chlorine exposure and repeated exposure, possibly even at low levels.
Chronic injury may include skin, eye and upper and lower respiratory injury, including reactive airways disease syndrome (RADS) and various symptoms of. Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents, Second Edition covers every aspect of deadly toxic chemicals used in conflicts, warfare and terrorism.
Including findings from experimental as well as clinical studies, this essential reference offers in-depth coverage of individual toxicants, target organ toxicity, major incidents, toxic. Chlorine gas that comes into contact with moist tissues, such as the eyes, throat and lungs, will produce an acid that can cause damage.
Exposure to low levels of chlorine gas can result in nose, throat and eye irritation. At higher levels, breathing chlorine gas may result in changes in a person’s breathing rate, coughing and damage to the. The ATSDR toxicological profile succinctly characterizes the toxicologic and adverse health effects information for the hazardous substance described here.
Each peer-reviewed profile identifies and reviews the key literature that describes a hazardous substance's toxicologic properties. Other pertinent literature is also presented, but is described in less detail than the key studies.
Chloramines: Safe Work Practices. This book is intended for recreational facility owners and managers who use chlorine or chloramines for water treatment, their workers, and consultants who provide OHS services.
Employers and consultants.Chlorine gas is used as a pulmonary and choking agent, and exposure is frequently associated moderate to severe, painful irritation of the eyes and respiratory tract (Wismer, ).
Such stressful, sublethal exposures in late-gestational women or animals might be expected to be associated with the induction of premature parturition and.International Standard Book Number Additional copies of this report are available from Acute Exposure Guideline Levels for Selected Airborne Chemicals (4 .